Health Issues Triggered by High Blood Pressure

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Health Issues Triggered by High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure is known to damage your body quietly for years before you notice the symptoms. If blood pressure is left unchecked, it may cause a fatal heart attack, a poor undesirable quality of existence, and even a disability. Approximately 50 percent of the patients with untreated high blood pressure are known to succumb to a heart disease due to poor blood flow and one-third of them lose their lives due to a stroke.

Effective treatment and certain lifestyle changes could keep your high blood pressure under check and help in reducing the risk of fatal complications. Here are few health issues that could crop up due to persistent and untreated hypertension.

Coronary Artery Disease

Coronary artery disease would be impacting the arteries which are known to supply blood to the heart muscle. Coronary artery disease could result in narrowing down of your arteries. This could result in an obstruction in the free flow of blood through the arteries. You may experience a heart attack, a chest pain, or irregular heart rhythms.

Heart Failure

Persistent uncontrolled high blood pressure could end up straining your heart. This could lead to a weakening of your heart muscle. Your heart would not be functioning efficiently. Your distressed heart would be beginning to wear out and eventually would fail one day. Damage from severe heart attacks could be worsening this issue.

In this context, you must know that as per the review that was published a couple of years back in Clinical Nutrition, researchers went about examining and analyzing six studies published previously, on resveratrol and its effects on blood pressure. It was concluded that higher doses of this supplement could help in significantly decreasing systolic blood pressure.


A stroke would be occurring when a portion of your brain does not get the required nutrients and oxygen, triggering brain cells to wither away. Unchecked and untreated hypertension could culminate in stroke by weakening and damaging the blood vessels of your brain, causing them to leak, rupture, or narrow. High BP could also lead to blood clots in the arteries that lead to your brain, obstructing smooth blood flow and resulting in a stroke.


This is a brain disease that triggers issues with speaking, thinking, memory, reasoning, movement, and vision. Various factors lead to dementia. Vascular dementia is triggered by the blockage or narrowing of your arteries that supply fresh blood to your brain.

Kidney Failure

Hypertension is supposed to be a really common cause that triggers kidney failure. High blood pressure could potentially damage the tiny blood vessels and large arteries. Since the kidneys are unable to filter waste effectively from your blood; therefore, alarming levels of waste and fluid retention take place.

Retinopathy or Damage in the Eye's Blood Vessels

Having high blood pressure could lead to damage to the blood vessels that give blood to the retina, causing something known as retinopathy. Blurry vision, bleeding in the eye and complete vision loss are symptoms of this issue. The risk is even greater if your high blood pressure is supplemented by diabetes.

Deterioration of Bones

An increase in blood pressure leads to increased calcium levels in urine. This calcium comes straight from the bones, meaning your bone density is directly affected by this. If it goes on long enough, you will suffer from osteoporosis and broken bones. Older women suffer a much higher risk of contracting this issue.

Conclusion: Having Trouble Sleeping

More than 50% of high blood pressure patients also suffer from obstructive sleep apnea. This involves relaxation of throat muscles while sleeping, which makes you snore loudly. High blood pressure is a direct causative factor of apnea, and it only gets worse if the apnea interrupts your sleep. So hypertension, when detected, must be treated and high blood pressure must be controlled to avoid unwanted health risks.

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