Schizophrenia

What is schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by abnormal social behavior and failure to understand what is real.  Common symptoms include false beliefs, unclear or confused thinking, hearing voices, reduced social engagement, and lack of motivation. People with schizophrenia often have additional mental health problems such as anxiety, depression, or substance abuse.

 

The cause schizophrenia includes environmental and genetic factors.  Possible environmental factors include:

  • Marijuana use
  • Being raised in a city
  • Age of parents
  • Certain infections
  • Poor nutrition during pregnancy

 

Diagnosis is based on observed behavior, the reports of experiences by both the person and those who are familiar with the person.  The person’s culture must be taken in to account during diagnosis.  There is currently no objective diagnostic test for schizophrenia.

 

Treatment typically includes antipsychotic medication, counseling, job training, and social rehabilitation.  In situations where there is risk to self or others, involuntary hospitalization may be necessary.

 

# SCHIZOPHRENIA BY THE NUMBERS #
  • There were an estimated 23.6 million cases globally in 2013
  • Approximately 1.2% of Americans (3.2 million) live with the disorder
  • About 0.3-0.7% of people are affected by schizophrenia during their lifetimes
  • Around 100,000 Americans will be diagnosed this year
  • Life expectancy of people with the disorder is 10-25 years less than that of the general population
 
 
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Sources

  • "Schizophrenia Symptoms, Patterns And Statistics And Patterns." Mental Help Schizophrenia Symptoms Patterns and Statistics and Patterns Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.
  • "Burden of Mental Illness." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 04 Oct. 2013. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.
  • National Institutes of Health. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, n.d. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.
  • "Schizophrenia." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 18 Apr. 2017. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.
  • "NAMI." NAMI: National Alliance on Mental Illness | What Is Schizophrenia? N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.
  • What Is Schizophrenia? N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.

 

While schizophrenia can be a debilitating disorder, the severity of symptoms vary from person to person. There are many misconceptions surrounding schizophrenia, which can negatively impact a patient, as well as their loved ones. In an effort to reduce the stigma of schizophrenia, here are five myths and facts about schizophrenia:
 
schizophrenia about infographic
 

 

Mental health includes our emotional, psychological, and social well-being. It affects how we think, feel, and act. Mental health also helps determine how we handle stress, relate to others, and make choices. Mental health is important at every stage of life, from childhood and adolescence through adulthood. Over the course of your life, if you experience mental health problems, your thinking, mood, and behavior could be affected.
 
mental health awareness schizophrenia about
 
 

 

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