What is schizophrenia?
Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by abnormal social behavior and failure to understand what is real. Common symptoms include false beliefs, unclear or confused thinking, hearing voices, reduced social engagement, and lack of motivation. People with schizophrenia often have additional mental health problems such as anxiety, depression, or substance abuse.
- The cause schizophrenia includes environmental and genetic factors. Possible environmental factors include being raised in a city, marijuana use, certain infections, age of parents, and poor nutrition during pregnancy. Genetic factors include a variety of common and rare genetic variants.
- Diagnosis is based on observed behavior, the reports of experiences by both the person and those who are familiar with the person. The person’s culture must be taken in to account during diagnosis. There is currently no objective diagnostic test for schizophrenia.
- Treatment typically includes antipsychotic medication, counseling, job training, and social rehabilitation. In situations where there is risk to self or others, involuntary hospitalization may be necessary.
Schizophrenia by the numbers
- There were an estimated 23.6 million cases globally in 2013
- Approximately 1.2% of Americans (3.2 million) live with the disorder
- About 0.3-0.7% of people are affected by schizophrenia during their lifetimes
- Around 100,000 Americans will be diagnosed this year
- Life expectancy of people with the disorder is 10-25 years less than that of the general population
- "Schizophrenia Symptoms, Patterns And Statistics And Patterns." Mental Help Schizophrenia Symptoms Patterns and Statistics and Patterns Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.
- "Burden of Mental Illness." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 04 Oct. 2013. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.
- National Institutes of Health. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, n.d. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.
- "Schizophrenia." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 18 Apr. 2017. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.
- "NAMI." NAMI: National Alliance on Mental Illness | What Is Schizophrenia? N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.
- What Is Schizophrenia? N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.