Parkinson's Disease (PD)

What is Parkinson’s disease?

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a chronic, progressive disorder of the nervous system. It affects movement caused by the lack of dopamine, a neurotransmitter that transmits signals between areas in the brain and coordinate smooth and balanced muscle movement. It develops gradually, sometimes starting with a barely noticeable tremor in just one hand. While a tremor may be the most well-known sign of Parkinson's disease, the disorder also commonly causes stiffness or slowing of movement. Muscles tighten and become rigid which makes it hard to walk and do other daily activities. People with Parkinson’s disease may also develop cognitive problems, including memory loss and dementia. 
 
 
Risk factors
 
  • Older age
  • Heredity
  • Being male
  • Exposure to toxins
 
 
Diagnosis
There are no blood or laboratory tests that are useful in the diagnosis of Parkinson’s. Diagnosis is based primarily on a medical history and thorough neurological examination. MRI or CT scans may be used but scans of the brain usually appear normal. 
 
 
 
Treatment
There is no cure for Parkinson's disease, however, medications may improve symptoms. On occasion, surgery to regulate certain regions of the brain and improve symptoms may be an option.
 
 
 
# PARKINSON’S DISEASE BY THE NUMBERS #
  • More than 1 million people in the United States are living with Parkinson's disease.
  • The average age of onset is 60 years.
  • 50% more men are affected than women.
  • Individuals with a parent or sibling who are affected have approximately 2x the chance of developing Parkinson’s. 
 
PD about
 
 

Sources
  • "Genetics, Coffee Consumption, and Parkinson's Disease." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 29 Jan. 2013. Web. 05 May 2017.
  • "Parkinson's Disease." Mayo Clinic. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 07 July 2015. Web. 05 May 2017.
  • "Parkinson's Disease Symptoms & Treatment." Cleveland Clinic. Cleveland Clinic, n.d. Web. 05 May 2017.
  • "Parkinson Disease and Dementia." Parkinson Disease and Dementia | Johns Hopkins Medicine Health Library. Johns Hopkins Health System, n.d. Web. 05 May 2017.
  • "Parkinson's Disease (PD)." Parkinson's Disease (PD) | Johns Hopkins Medicine Health Library. Johns Hopkins Health System, n.d. Web. 05 May 2017.

 

Parkinson’s disease is neurodegenerative brain disorder that progresses slowly in most people. Most people’s symptoms take years to develop, and they live for years with the disease. A person’s brain slowly stops producing a neurotransmitter called dopamine. With less and less dopamine, a person has less and less ability to regulate their movements, body and emotions.
 
understanding parkinson's disease

 

Team healtheo360 joined the amazing crowd for the Parkinson's Unity Walk held in Central Park in NYC!
 
parkinson's unity walk
 

 

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