What are the treatment options for osteoporosis?

Your bone density test will determine whether your bone density is normal, osteopenic (low bone mass), or osteoporotic. Based on these results and your risk level for fracture, you and your doctor can choose among the following treatment options:
 
Lifestyle changes 
Eating a well balanced diet and developing an exercise routine are mainstays of osteoporosis treatment. Calcium and vitamin D are essential for healthy bones, so you’ll need to maintain a healthy diet high in these nutrients to reduce the risk of fractures. 
 
  • Sources of calcium:
  • Dairy products - milk, cheese, and yogurt - are probably the best source
  • Green vegetables 
  • Some cereals, breads, and juices contain added calcium
  • Sources of vitamin D:
  • Fatty fish such as mackerel, salmon, and tuna
  • Sunlight
  • Vitamin D supplements
 
Weight-bearing and muscle strengthening exercises can help build and maintain bone density.
 
  • High impact weight-bearing exercises include:
  • Dancing
  • Running
  • Jumping rope
* These exercises should be avoided if you have already broken a bone or are at high risk for fracture.*
 
  • Low impact weight-bearing exercises include:
  • Speed walking
  • Elliptical machines
  • Stair-step machines
 
  • Muscle-strengthening exercise options include:
  • Weight machines
  • Dead weights
  • Elastic exercise bands
 
* In addition to exercise and diet improvements, you should also avoid or quit smoking and limit your alcohol intake.*
 
 
 
Medications commonly prescribed to treat osteoporosis include:
 
  • Biophosphonates: Most commonly prescribed medication for osteoporosis treatment. These drugs slow bone loss by causing certain cells involved in bone breakdown to undergo programmed cell death (apoptosis). Some individuals may experience negative side effects from Biophosphonates, including gastrointestinal issues and muscle, bone, and joint pain.
  • Hormone therapy: Estrogen sometimes plays a role in osteoporosis treatment for women, but there are concerns about potential side effects. 
  • Other medications are available for individuals who cannot tolerate biophosphonates or hormone replacement therapy. There also clinical trials being conducted for potential osteoporosis medications.
 
osteoporosis treatment
 
 
 

Sources:
  • “What Medications Help Treat Osteoporosis?” Mayo Clinic, Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 29 July 2017, www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osteoporosis/in-depth/osteoporosis-treatment/art-20046869?pg=2.
  • Bennington-Castro, Joseph. “Osteoporosis Treatment.” EverydayHealth.com, 9 Oct. 2015, www.everydayhealth.com/osteoporosis/guide/treatment/.
  • “Osteoporosis Treatment: How to Choose the Right Medication.” National Osteoporosis Foundation, www.nof.org/patients/treatment/.
  • “Understanding Osteoporosis -- Diagnosis and Treatment.” WebMD, WebMD, www.webmd.com/osteoporosis/guide/understanding-osteoporosis-treatment#1.

 

From Our Blog: Cycling Health Benefits - Hop on Your Bike!

Cycling is a great way to exercise and have fun while doing it! It is a fun and easy way to improve your fitness, brain power, and wallet. Take a look at some of the many health benefits cycling has to offer:

cycling health benefits - hop on your bike


 

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