What causes hepatitis B?

Hepatitis B is caused by a viral infection that can be spread in a number of ways:
  • Sex with an infected person 
  • Needle exposure 
  • Sharing of personal care items such as toothbrushes or razors 
  • Sharing of needles and syringes 
  • Vertical transmission: it can be spread from mother to baby during vaginal birth 
  • Direct contact with blood or sores of an infected individual 
  • Exposure to bodily fluids of an infected person 
Ways it cannot be spread:
  • Food 
  • Water 
  • Sharing eating utensils 
  • Breastfeeding 
  • Hugging 
  • Kissing 
  • Coughing 
  • Sneezing 
  • Hand holding 
hepatitis B causes

  • "What You Need to Know About Hepatitis B." Johns Hopkins Medicine Health Library. Web 16 Jun 2018. 
  • "Hepatitis B." Mayo Clinic, Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 27 Oct. 2017. Web 16 Jun 2018. 
  • "Viral Hepatitis." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 22 May 2018.Web 16 Jun 2016.



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