Eczema

What is eczema? 

Eczema, also called atopic dermatitis, is a chronic inflammatory skin disease where the skin develops red, scaly and crusted bumps, which are extremely itchy. Onset typically begins in babies or very young children, and may last until the child reaches adolescence or adulthood. Scratching leads to swelling, cracking, “weeping” clear fluid, and finally, coarsening and thickening of the skin. Eczema tends to flare periodically and then subside. It may be accompanied by asthma or hay fever.
 
 
Risk factors
 
  • A personal or family history of eczema, allergies, hay fever or asthma
  • Being a health care worker, which is linked to hand dermatitis
  • Having attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
  • Environmental stress
  • Cigarette smoke
 
 
 
Diagnosis
Diagnosis is made by examining skin and reviewing medical history by a doctor. Procedures for eczema may include the following:
 
  • Physical examination
  • Family history (children born to a mother who has allergic conditions are more prone to eczema)
  • Personal history of allergies or asthma
  • Blood tests
  • Patch testing or other tests to rule out other skin diseases or identify conditions that accompany your eczema.
 
 
 
Treatment
No cure has been found for eczema. But treatments and self-care measures can relieve itching and prevent new outbreaks. 
 
 
# ECZEMA BY THE NUMBERS #
 
  • Occurs in about 10 -20% of all infants. Of these children, nearly half will improve as they grow and develop between ages 5 to 15. 
  • Roughly 60% of children may have some form of eczema throughout their lifetime.
  • Of children who have eczema, most will show signs in the first year of life and 85% will show signs of eczema within the first 5 years.
 
 
eczema hand
 
 

Sources:
  • "Atopic Dermatitis (eczema)." Atopic Dermatitis (Eczeme) - Mayo Clinic. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 26 July 2014. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.
  • Hyde, MD, Patrice. "Eczema." Eczema - Johns Hopkins All Children's Hospital. Johns Hopkins All Children's Hospital, May 2012. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.
  • "Atopic Dermatitis." Atopic Dermatitis | Johns Hopkins Medicine Health Library. Johns Hopkins Medicine Health Library, n.d. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.
  • Commissioner, Office Of the. "Press Announcements - FDA Approves New Eczema Drug Dupixent." U S Food and Drug Administration Home Page. Office of the Commissioner, 28 Mar. 2017. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.
  • "Atopic Dermatitis in Children." Atopic Dermatitis in Children. Stanford Children's Health - Lucile Packard Children's Hospital Stanford, n.d. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.

 

 

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