What are the treatment options for Crohn’s disease?

Medicines
 
  • 5-aminosalicylates (5-ASAs) These drugs help reduce inflammation in the digestive tract.
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs. If you have mild to moderate Crohn's disease, this may be an effective treatment.
  • Antibiotics. Your doctor may recommend a course of antibiotics if 5-ASAs don't work.
  • Corticosteroids, also known as steroids, help reduce the activity of your immune system and decrease inflammation
  • Immunomodulators. These medicines reduce immune system activity, resulting in less inflammation in your digestive tract.
  • Biologic therapies. These medicines target proteins made by the immune system. 
  • Bowel rest involves drinking only certain liquids or not eating or drinking anything.
 
 
Surgery
 
  • Draining abscesses in or near fistulas treatment includes antibiotics and injections such as biologics.
  • Bowel or intestinal resection. The diseased section of intestine is removed. The 2 healthy pieces of intestine are attached. 
  • Ostomy.  When part of the intestine is removed, then a new way to remove stool from your body is created. The surgery to create the new opening is called an ostomy.
  • Ileostomy. The colon and rectum are removed and the bottom part of your small intestine is attached to the new opening.
  • Colostomy. This surgery creates an opening in your belly or abdomen.
  • Ileoanal reservoir surgery. It is done in 2 surgeries. First the colon and rectum are removed and a short-term ileostomy is performed. Then the ileostomy is closed. 
 
crohn's disease treatment
 

Sources
  • "Crohn's Disease | NIDDK." National Institutes of Health. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, n.d. Web. 23 Apr. 2017.
  • "Crohns Disease Treatment." Crohns Disease Treatment | Johns Hopkins Medicine Health Library. Johns Hopkins Medicine Health Library, n.d. Web. 23 Apr. 2017.
  • Konkel, Lindsey. "What Is Crohn's Disease?" Crohn's Disease - Prevelance, Causes & Risks | Everyday Health. Veryday Health Media, LLC, 10 Mar. 2017. Web. 23 Apr. 2017.
  • Crohn's Disease." Crohn's Disease | Johns Hopkins Medicine Health Library. Johns Hopkins Medicine Health Library, n.d. Web. 23 Apr. 2017.

 

 

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