What are the treatment options for macular degeneration?

There is no cure for macular degeneration. The main goal of treatment is to slow the progression of vision loss and improve one’s quality of life. The method of treatment used may also depend on whether one has dry or wet macular degeneration
 
Possible treatments for macular degeneration include:
 
  • Low vision rehabilitation involves working with a low vision rehabilitation specialist and/or occupational therapist in order to learn ways to cope with your changing vision. 
  • Telescopic lens implant surgery involves putting a telescopic lens into the eye that works by magnifying one’s field of vision. 
  • Lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking, regular exercise, routine eye exams, and maintaining a healthy weight/diet may be helpful in slowing the progression of macular degeneration and vision loss. 
  • Vitamin supplements: A study done by the National Eye Institute showed that taking a vitamin supplement formula that includes vitamin C, E, zinc, copper, lutein, and zeaxanthin may help reduce the risk of vision loss. 
  • Low vision aids may be helpful when doing close-up activities such as reading and sewing.
  •  Anti-angiogenic drugs are used to treat wet macular degeneration and involve the doctor injecting medication into your eye in order to stop the formation of abnormal new blood vessels and prevent the leaking of already formed abnormal vessels. 
  • Laser therapy can also be used to treat wet macular degeneration and involves using laser light to destroy abnormal new blood vessels that are forming. 
  • Photodynamic therapy is another potential treatment for wet macular degeneration. It involves injecting a light-sensitive drug into the blood stream. The doctor then shines a light into the eye which activates the drug and causes destruction of the abnormal vessels that have formed due to wet macular degeneration. 
  • Submacular surgery involves the removal of the abnormal blood vessels caused by wet macular degeneration, as well as any scar tissue or blood. 
  • Retinal translocation is a procedure used to treat wet macular degeneration. It involves destroying the abnormal blood vessels that have formed directly under the center of the macula that can’t safely be destroyed using laser therapy. 
 
macular degeneration treatment
 
 

Sources:
  • "Dry macular degeneration." Mayo Clinic. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 04 Aug. 2017. Web. 06 Nov. 2017.
  • “What is Macular Degeneration?” American Macular Degeneration Foundation. AMDF, n.d. Web. 06 Nov. 2017.
  •  “Macular Degeneration Health Center.” WebMD, n.d. Web. 06 Nov. 2017. 
  • “Facts About Age-Related Macular Degeneration.” National Institutes of Health. National Eye Institute (NEI), Sep. 2015. Web. 06 Nov. 2017. 
  • “What Is Macular Degeneration?” American Academy of Ophthalmology, 01 Mar. 2017. Web. 06 Nov. 2017. 
  • “Age-Related Macular Degeneration Treatment.” WebMD, n.d. Web. 06 Nov. 2017. 

 

From Our Blog: Micronutrients - Eat the Rainbow
To ensure your body has enough micronutrients, the easiest way is to consume healthy and diversified foods, or “eating the rainbow.” This essentially means that by consuming a variety of colorful fruits and veggies, meeting daily micro nutritional needs is no hassle!
 
micronutrients - eat the rainbow

 

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