What are the treatment options for kidney cancer?

Surgery
Nephrectomy is surgery to remove the kidney and is the most common treatment for kidney cancer. 
 
  • Partial nephrectomy removes just the part of the kidney that contains the tumor. 
  • Radical nephrectomy removes the whole kidney and some of the tissue around the kidney. Some lymph nodes in the area also may be removed.
 
 
Chemotherapy refers to the use of chemical agents whose main effect is either to kill or slow the reproduction of rapidly multiplying cancer cells. This results in the tumor shrinkage or cancer cell death. Drugs can be delivered through a vein in your arm (intravenously), or they can be taken orally
 
 
 
Radiation therapy damages the DNA of cancer cells by the use of high-energy X-rays or other types of radiation to destroy cancer cells. It may be an alternative to surgery or used in combination with surgery or chemotherapy. 
 
 
 
Targeted drug therapy work by targeting specific abnormalities in cancer cells. This form of treatment is often combined with chemotherapy drugs. 
 
 
 
Biological therapy (immunotherapy) is a cancer treatment approach that uses drugs and vaccines to harness the immune system’s natural ability to fight cancer, in the same way it fights off infections.
 
 
 
Arterial embolization is a procedure to clog the main renal blood vessel and shrink the tumor by depriving it of the oxygen-carrying blood and other substances it needs to grow. 
 
 
Localized treatments
 
  • Radiofrequency ablation is a procedure that uses an electric current to heat and destroy cancer cells. 
  • Cryoablation uses liquid nitrogen to freeze and destroy cancer cells.
 
kidney cancer treatment
 

Sources
  • "Kidney Cancer." Kidney Cancer | Johns Hopkins Medicine Health Library. Johns Hopkins Health System, n.d. Web. 30 June 2017.
  • "Kidney Cancer Symptoms & Treatment | Renal Cell Carcinoma." Cleveland Clinic. Cleveland Clinic, 9 Dec. 2016. Web. 30 June 2017.
  • "Kidney Cancer." Mayo Clinic. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 13 Feb. 2015. Web. 30 June 2017.

 

 
 
 
 

 

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