What are common symptoms of gliomas?

Symptoms of a glioma are similar to those produced by other malignant brain tumors and depend on the area of the brain affected. The most common symptom is headache -- affecting about half of all people with a brain tumor. Other symptoms can include seizures, memory loss, physical weakness, loss of muscle control, visual symptoms, language problems, cognitive decline, and personality changes. These symptoms may change, according to which part of the brain is affected.

Symptoms may worsen or change as the tumor continues to grow and destroys brain cells, compresses parts of the brain, and causes swelling in the brain and pressure in the skull.

Common signs and symptoms of gliomas include:

  • Headache
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Confusion or a decline in brain function
  • Memory loss
  • Personality changes or irritability
  • Difficulty with balance
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Vision problems, such as blurred vision, double vision or loss of peripheral vision
  • Speech difficulties
  • Seizures, especially in someone without a history of seizures






  • Glioma is a broad category of brain and spinal cord tumors that come from glial cells brain cells that support nerve cells. “Brain Cancer and Gliomas.” WebMD, WebMD, www.webmd.com/cancer/brain-cancer/malignant-gliomas#2.
  • “Glioma | American Brain Tumor Association | Learn More.” American Brain Tumor Association, www.abta.org/tumor_types/glioma/.
  • “Glioma.” Mayo Clinic, Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 12 Apr. 2019, www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/glioma/symptoms-causes/syc-20350251.
  • “Gliomas.” Gliomas | Johns Hopkins Medicine, www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/gliomas.
  • Hammas, Nawal, et al. “Astroblastoma - a Rare and Challenging Tumor: a Case Report and Review of the Literature.” Journal of Medical Case Reports, BioMed Central, 21 Apr. 2018, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5910607/.

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