What are the treatment options for glaucoma?

There is no cure for glaucoma, and once vision loss occurs it cannot be corrected. Early detection, treatment, and frequent checkups can help to slow/prevent vision loss/damage due to glaucoma. The goal of treatment is to decrease intraocular pressure. 
 
Potential treatments for glaucoma include:
 
  • Prescription eye drops such as:
  • Prostaglandins to increase the fluid drainage from the eye and decrease pressure
  • Beta blockers to decrease fluid production in the eye
  • Alpha adrenergic agonists that decrease fluid production and increase fluid drainage
  • Miotic or cholinergic agents to increase fluid drainage
  • Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors are less commonly use and work by decreasing fluid production in the eye
  • Oral prescription medications may be used when eye drops are unsuccessful 
  • Laser trabeculoplasty is used only in open angle glaucoma. This treatment uses laser beams to open clogged channels in the trabecular meshwork. 
  • Filtering surgery (trabeculectomy) involves creating an opening in the whites of the eye (sclera) and removing part of the trabecular meshwork.
  • Drainage tube insertion in the eye to help drain fluid that is causing increased intraocular pressure. 
  • Electrocautery is a minimally invasive surgery used to remove parts of the trabecular meshwork. 
 
*In the case of a medical emergency called an acute angle closure glaucoma attack, a procedure called a laser peripheral iridotomy may be done. This procedure involves making a small hole in the iris with a laser in order to drain fluid and reduce pressure.* 
 
 
glaucoma treatment
 
 

Sources:
  • "Glaucoma." Mayo Clinic. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 15 Sep. 2015. Web. 09 Oct. 2017.
  • “What Is Glaucoma?” American Academy of Ophthalmology, 01 Mar. 2017. Web. 09 Oct. 2017. 
  • “Facts About Glaucoma.” The National Institutes of Health. National Eye Institute (NEI), n.d. Web. 09 Oct. 2017.
  • “What Is Glaucoma?” WebMD, n.d. Web. 09 Oct. 2017.

 

From Our Blog: Eye Injury Prevention Month (October)

This annual event is dedicated to educating the public about the importance of eye safety. An eye injury can happen to anyone at any time. However, there are preventative measures that can be taken to lower the risk of sustaining a serious injury. Here are three ways to prevent eye injury:

eye injury prevention month (October) infographic


 

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