What causes celiac disease?

The exact cause of celiac disease is unknown, however the disease occurs from an interaction between individuals who have particular genes, consumption of gluten, and other environmental factors. When gluten is present in a patient’s diet, the immune system forms antibodies to gluten and attacks the lining of the intestine. The reaction damages the tiny, hair-like projections (villi) that line the small intestine and causes inflammation. The villi absorb vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients from food that is eaten. Once the villi are damaged, it is near impossible for the body to absorb nutrients from foods. Infant feeding practices, gastrointestinal infections and gut bacteria may also contribute to the development of celiac disease in some patients. Celiac disease may be triggered or become active after surgery, pregnancy, childbirth, viral infection, or severe emotional stress. 
celiac disease causes

  • "Celiac Disease." Mayo Clinic. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 17 Aug. 2016. Web. 20 June 2017.
  • "Celiac Disease." National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, n.d. Web. 20 June 2017.
  • “Celiac Disease Symptoms, Tests & Treatment | Cleveland Clinic: Health Library." Cleveland Clinic. Cleveland Clinic, 12 Dec. 2016. Web. 20 June 2017.



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