What are the treatment options for male breast cancer?

Surgery to remove the tumor and surrounding breast tissue:
 
  • Removal of breast tissue and surrounding lymph nodes (modified radical mastectomy). The surgeon removes all breast tissue, including the nipple and areola, and some underarm lymph nodes.
  • Removal of one lymph node for testing (sentinel lymph node biopsy). The doctor removes and analyzes the lymph node most likely to be the first place cancer cells would spread. 
 
Radiation therapy uses high-energy beams to kill cancer cells. This may be used after surgery to eliminate any remaining cancer cells in the breast, chest muscles or armpit.
 
 
Chemotherapy uses medications to kill cancer cells. Doctors may recommend chemotherapy after surgery to kill any cancer cells that might have spread outside the breast. 
 
 
Hormone therapy is used for hormone-sensitive cancer where the tumors rely on hormones to grow. Hormone therapy for male breast cancer often involves the medication tamoxifen, which is also used for women. 
 
N'Kosi Campbell
In this photo: N'Kosi Campbell of The Male Breast Cancer Coalition
 
 

Sources
  • "Male Breast Cancer." Mayo Clinic. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 17 Feb. 2015. Web. 26 Apr. 2017.
  • Brown, Ken. "Breast Cancer in Men." Male Breast Cancer Treatment and Prognosis: Johns Hopkins Breast Center. Johns Hopkins Health System, 05 May 2016. Web. 26 Apr. 2017.
  • "Male Breast Cancer." Male Breast Cancer Symptoms, Treatment & More | Cleveland Clinic. Cleveland Clinic, n.d. Web. 26 Apr. 2017.
  • "Male Breast Cancer Treatment." National Cancer Institute. National Institutes of Health, 18 July 2016. Web. 26 Apr. 2017.

 

 

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