What are the treatment options for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

 There is no cure for ADHD. The main goal of treatment is to relieve symptoms and maximize success in children and adults. Treatment can vary from person to person and usually includes a combination of medication, counseling/therapy, training, and education. 
 
Common treatments for ADHD include:
 
  • Stimulant medications: Amphetamines and methylphenidates are two classes of stimulant medications that may be prescribed to treat ADHD. They can be short or long acting. They work to regulate and boost levels of neurotransmitters in the brain in order to increase attention and decrease hyperactivity. 
  • Antidepressants and other non-stimulant medications may be prescribed especially if the person has a coexisting condition such as anxiety or depression. These medications take longer to take effect than stimulants.
  • Behavioral therapy such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) can help people suffering from ADHD learn behavior-changing strategies and skills. This therapy can be helpful in teaching patience, mindfulness techniques, social skills, and other helpful skills/coping techniques. 
  • Psychotherapy can be helpful in allowing children and adults to express their struggles, frustrations, and how they are feeling. 
  • Family therapy can help family members to cope and learn more about ADHD. It can also help to decrease the stress of living with someone who has ADHD. 
  • Parenting skills training can help parents learn ways to deal with and respond to their child with ADHD’s behavior. 
  • Social skills training can help teach someone with ADHD how to appropriately behave in social situations. 
  • Stress management techniques can help parents learn to respond calmly to their child’s behavior and help them to cope with their frustration. 
  • Educational interventions such as minimizing distractions in the classroom, making time for movement/exercise, and using positive reinforcement can be beneficial in helping children with ADHD succeed in school. 
 
attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) treatment
 

Sources:
  • “Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): Treatment.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Division of Human Development and Disability, National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 31 May. 2017. Web. 17 Aug. 2017. 
  • "Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children." Mayo Clinic. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 16 Aug. 2017. Web. 17 Aug. 2017.
  • “Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).” The Cleveland Clinic Foundation. Cleveland Clinic, 18 Oct. 2016. Web. 17 Aug. 2017.
  • “Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.” National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Mental Health, Mar. 2016. Web. 17 Aug. 2017. 
  • “ADHD: The Facts.” Attention Deficit Disorder Association, n.d. Web. 17 Aug. 2017.

 

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