What are the treatment options for acne?

Medications you apply to the skin are often prescribed to treat acne. These may be in the form of a cream, gel, lotion, or solution. Examples include:
 
  • Benzoyl peroxide kills bacteria.
  • Antibiotics help stop or slow down the growth of the bacteria and reduce inflammation.
  • Tretinoin stops the development of new acne lesions and encourages cell turnover, unplugging pimples.
  • Adapalene decreases acne formation
 
 
Dermatological procedures may help to further minimize any acne scars, including the following:
 
  • Dermabrasion may be used to minimize small scars, minor skin surface irregularities, surgical scars, and acne scars. It involves removing the top layers of skin with an electrical machine that "abrades" the skin.
  • Chemical peels are often used to minimize sun-damaged skin, irregular pigment, and superficial scars. The top layer of skin is removed with a chemical applied to the skin. 
  • Derma filler injections are injected beneath the skin to replace the body's natural collagen that has been lost. 
  • Laser resurfacing uses high-energy light to burn away damaged skin and may minimize fine scars.
  • Phototherapy or blue light therapy has been shown to decrease the number of acne-causing bacteria with minimal side effects, such as dry skin. 
  • Pulsed light and heat energy (LHE) therapy is believed to work by destroying acne-causing bacteria. It also shrinks the oil-producing glands in the skin. 
  • Punch grafts are small skin grafts used to replace scarred skin. A hole is punched in the skin to remove the scar, which is then replaced with unscarred skin. Punch grafts can help treat deep acne scars.
  • Autologous fat transfer uses fat taken from another site on your own body and injects it into your skin. This method is used to correct deep contour defects caused by scarring from severe acne. 
 
acne treatment
 
 

Sources
  • "Acne." Acne | Johns Hopkins Medicine Health Library. Johns Hopkins Health System, n.d. Web. 07 May 2017.

 

From Our Blog: Chronic Inflammation - Twenty Tips 
Chronic inflammation may be caused by a handful of diseases and conditions. Environmental and lifestyle factors, such as excess weight, poor diet, stress, and lack of exercise, can also be causal factors. Chronic inflammation can cause daily ailments, which may interfere with your daily routine. To combat these complications, check out these 20 tips for chronic inflammation:
 
chronic inflammation - twenty tips infographic

 

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